What is Active Directory ? Install ADDS on Windows Server 2016

This Article is a part of Windows Server 2016 Tutorials series. In the previous Article, we have discussed What is DNS and How to Install and Configure DNS Server in Windows Server 2016. Now we will move forward and see What is Active Directory and How to Install it on Windows Server 2016 Machine. So Let's get Started.

What is Active Directory?

Active Directory is a Directory Service that is used by the Windows Domain Networks and is developed by Microsoft.Active Directory is available in all the Windows Server Operating Systems as it is a Service.Active Directory is a Centralized System that manages computers and other devices on a network.It is specially designed for distributed networking environments.
Active Directory has all the Information about all the objects - Users, Computers, Resources like Printers, Shared Folder/ Files, in an organization's network.It is a software to arrange, store information and provides access and permissions based on those information.It is used to authenticate/authorize the Users, computers, resources which is a part of a network.

Active Directory Structure has three main tires:

DomainA domain can be defined as a legitimate group of network objects (users, computers, devices) that share the equivalent Active Directory database.
TreesA tree is a combination of one, or it can be more than one domains and domain trees in an approximal namespace, connected in a transitive trust hierarchy.
ForestsIn the Structure, the topmost is the Forest. A forest is a combination of trees that share the same logical structure, directory schema, global catalog, and directory configuration. The forest shows the security boundary within which groups, computers, users,  other objects are accessible.

How to Install Active Directory on Windows Server 2016

Step 1. Open your Server Machine and open Server Manager console and go to Manage and then Click on Add Roles and Features, or You can Simply Click on Add Roles and Features from the Server Manager Console.

Step 2. Now in this Window, Select the Role-based or feature-based installation option and click on Next.  

Step 3. Now we have to Select the Server, just Select the Server from the Server pool. and click on Next.

Step 4. From the list of Server Roles, Check the Active Directory Domain Services role > Click on Add Features on the popup window and simply Click on Next.

Step 5. In the Next window, it will show you the Description of the Role which you are installing. Click on Next.  

Step 6. Now you will see a window which confirms the Installation Selections. Click on Install.

Step 8. Wait for the installation bar to complete, after that the Installation of ADDS role is completed on your Server. Click on Close.

Congratulations! finally, we have Successfully Installed Active Directory Domain Services Role in our Windows Server 2016 Machine. In next Part, we will Prompt this server to a Domain Controller.

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So above Steps is all about Active Directory Domain Services and it's Installation.With these Steps, you can Install ADDS on your Windows Server 2016 Machine. Hope you all like this post, share it with others too and Leave a comment below if you need any suggestion at any steps.


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